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Essay on Allama Iqbal
Famous Poet Dr. Allama Muhammad Iqbal is the incredible name of Historical Golden pages. He was born in Sialkot and his birth date is 9 November 1877. His forefathers’ birthplace is Kashmir and they were pious people. His mother Imam Bibi was a religious lady as well as his father Sheikh Noor Mohammad was a Sufi and religious man.
Iqbal’s Elementary Education
Like familiar Muslim children, he took his early education from school at that time. He was very intelligent and joined Mission School Sialkot. He cleared the 5th-grade examination with a top-rated award and achieved a scholarship in Middle school. He attained a prominent position in his school life on which basis got admission to College.
Mir Hassan’s Discipleship
Allama Iqbal entered in Scotch-Mission College. It was a great opportunity to gain knowledge in the inimitable company of his teacher Maulana Syed Mir Hassan. He was a proficient teacher in his college Sialkot who taught Arabic and Persian. He enhanced the interest of Iqbal in Persian. Iqbal studied up in his city Sialkot and achieved an intermediate degree, then went to Lahore for his higher studies. The Scotch-Mission College at the time was called Murray College.
Studies in Lahore
In 1895, he came to Government College Lahore and selected his favorite subjects Arabic, English, and Philosophy. He achieved gold medals and cleared the BA exam with the first position in Arabic. The well-known Professor Thomas Arnold taught Philosophy at that instant. Iqbal had great eagerness for philosophy and got the marvelous opportunity of being the student of the legendary philosopher Arnold. In 1897, he got admission to an MA. in his desired subject Philosophy. He started a lecturership at Oriental college Lahore on Philosophy, History, and Politics.
Allama Iqbal moved abroad to England for his higher studies in 1905. He earned his Law and Philosophy degree from the University of Cambridge. He qualified as a senior Barrister from London. Later, he traveled to Germany and achieved a Doctorate degree from the University of Munich Germany. He also gained the chance of an Arabic lecturership for six months in London as an assistant to Professor Arnold. He became the masterpiece of Sanskrit, Persian, Arabic, and a lot of other European Languages.
At the time of his lecturer-ship, he participated in Muslim League. He was one who said for Pak-Land and became the Father of Pakistan. In 1930 at the instance of Allahbad assembly, the Annual- Conference of Muslim League, Iqbal delivered ‘Presidentail_Address’ and said:
“The Punjab, North West Frontier Province, Sind and Balochistan amalgamated into a single state”
Rewind Time Period
After his magnificent achievements in high education, he realized to come back and worked for his own people. In 1908, he reached Lahore and received an enthusiastic welcome. He taught Philosophy at Government College, Lahore for 1.5 years and started participating in other Law activities. He noted that Muslims are in unhappy and vexed conditions due to a lack of dominancy.
His Poetry- the feather in His cap
His interest was limited to poetry before the Europe tour. He wrote numerous poems on homeland and nation in Urdu. His Urdu poetry gained a reputation before 1901. After Europe’s arrival, his poetry became a milestone in Persian taste. In 1915, He published the Masnavi Israr Khudi of Philosophy. That Masnavi hit the jackpot and became very popular in India and England. Westerns became acquainted with Masnavi and Professor Nicholson translated it into English. Another Notorious Professor Dixon provided details of remarked Masnavi and praised it. Iqbal was titled “Sir” in 1923 on the account of his great effect on the British government.
Poet Iqbal arose centuries later and became remarkable in poetry word. Innumerable poetry books have been published; including “Payam-e-Mashriq”, “Bang-e-Dara”, “Asrar-e-Khudi”, “Sheqwa”, “Zarb-e-Kalim”, “Bal-e-Jabril”, “Jawab-e-Sheqwa” and “Javid Nama” are some eminent aggregates. He used his beloved symbol “Eagle” which represented the energetic Muslim nation. He developed the “Khudi” concept, which made Indian Muslims one nation and gave them a new life.
Although Iqbal got an education in Western countries, led a simple and virtuous life. He ate once in 24 hours and spent his time studying books. Nothing could change his routine, therefore, during health issues, he met with aficionados with perfect and exact warmth.
He believed that the Islamic Rules are the genuine code of leading life, he said:
“I lead no party, I follow no leader. I have given the best part of my life to the careful study of Islam, its law and polity, its culture, its history, and its literature”
He loved to wear his traditional dress and fit like gloves, being simply dressed up his identity. Kurta with Shalwar at an early age. He also wore a loincloth or white turban. He changed somehow his dress when he was in Europe, and wore English clothes. He used a kameez & shalwar with a Turkish hat and a coat. He didn’t much like English dress-up, and rarely wore trousers and coats.
Patriotism-Land that He loved
He preferred freedom along with peace, he was against the disintegration of politics and laws. His attachment to his homeland was elucidated when he came back to his country and left abroad regions. That was his natural passion and Nationalism was deep-seating in him. He conveyed his passion in the form of his books and poetry and was also deeply associated with Kashmir.
Iqbal’s Love of the Holy Prophet (PBUH)
Allama Iqbal’s expressed his pure love of Hazrat Muhammad (SAW). He trusted on Prophet ﷺ and believed in the strength of Islam against the influence of materialism, communism, and capitalism. His dedicated love was stated as he said:
“The passionate gaze sees him as the first and the last, he is the Quran, the Furqan, Yaseen, and Taha”
Iqbal revealed his desire and love of Islam from his saying:
“This starved man who does not fear a bit, take away from him the spirit of Muhammad, give him Western ideals then Islam will be expelled from the Muslims”
Allama Mohtarim Iqbal presented his understanding of Religious and love of the Prophet (PBUH) and said:
“The dazzling Western world didn’t impress me at all, my eyes were filled with the dust of Madinah”
Iqbal also said:
“Love of Muhammad is the first requirement of religion, if this is lacking then everything is incomplete”
“The essence of Quran, the spirit of faith and the secrets of religion all lie in the love of the one who is the Kindness to all the people”
Top Quotations by Allama Iqbal
‘Spiritual Father of Pakistan’ Iqbal is the notorious philosopher, poet, politician, and barrister of Lahore, British India. He did enduring prolific work both in Urdu literature and Persian; he gained the title of “Poet of the East”. Dr. Allama Iqbal is the elite personality who coined the famous theory “Two-Nation Theory” which led to the partition of Pakistan and India.
Final Word for Allama Iqbal
Iqbal had immense influence in his books, and ideal life history and was a great Muslim champion. He introduced Quranic theories and Islamic values in his poetry career. He said that having no faith in Allah is worse than being a slave. He suffered due to a throat infection in the last few days of his life. He left this world on 21st April 1938. It was an incomparable loss for Muslims, he’ll remain in all Muslims’ hearts on the account of his miraculous poetry and awareness. He’s buried in Lahore near Bad-Shahi Masjid’s Gate.
Allama Iqbal’s essay in English (Short/Easy) 250-words
Allama Muhammad Iqbal was born on 9-Nov-1877 in Sialkot and he’s our National Poet. His ancestors migrated from Kashmir and his Father was a pious man, named Sheikh Noor Muhammad. He accomplished his Intermediate education at the famous Murray College, Sialkot.
He learned Arabic, Islamic studies, and Persian from Syed Mir Hassan. He came to Lahore Government College for M.A. in Philosophy. Then he went to foreign countries for his higher education and achieved a Bar-at-Law degree. He got his Ph.D. degree from Germany and came back to his native country.
Muslims were illiterate, poor, unconscious, and lived in hopeless conditions at that time, he wrote various poems to Muslims’ awareness. Soon he became a National thinker and poet, he woke up the unhappy Muslim community and insert a sense of self-respect in them. He delivered the ideology of a separate Country for Indian Muslims in 1930 at Allahbad. Allama Muhammad Iqbal was a Muslim nationalist and firstly he put the belief in a free nation from the British. He emphasized the significance of spirituality in his poetry. He high-lightened social reform, religion, love, humanism, nationalism, and numerous other themes. His written poetry is a clear view of the Quran, Vedas, and Upanishads. He wrote several books for the Muslim Nation, some of them are “Javed Nama, Baal-e-Jibraeel, Bang-e-Dara, and Zarb-e-Kaleem”. He breathed his last on 21st April 1938 in Lahore at the age of sixty-five and was buried near Bad-Shahi Mosque. His dream of an isolated homeland for Indian Muslims was fulfilled after his life. Pakistan came into existence after 9 years of his death.